Maintaining stable water levels during the nesting season will enhance the species' breeding success. There is a small area north of us along the coast that shows year-round American Bitterns. and bulrush ( Scirpus spp.) The American Bittern is a member of the family ARDEIDAE which contains the groups; Herons, Bitterns and Egrets; and follows the species order Ciconiiformes. They have earned many nicknames for their eerie calls: "mire-drum", "stake-driver", and "thunder-pumper". MODERATE CONSERVATION CONCERN. The 2nd Pennsylvania Breeding Bird Atlas (2004-2008) includes two confirmed breeding records (Centre County and Tioga County), which is three less than reported during the first Breeding Bird Atlas (1983-1989). Move south for the winter in the southern United States and Central America. All migratory birds are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918. In northeastern Ohio, bitterns were originally uncommon residents near Cleveland but rare and locally distrib-uted elsewhere (Hicks 1935, Williams 1950). Even though a bird only winters in an area, there is a chance of non-breeding birds remaining behind. PUBLISHED: 11:00 28 April 2018 | UPDATED: 11:14 28 April 2018 John Grant Use binoculars or a spotting scope to pan slowly and carefully along the edge between open water and reeds, and remind your eyes that they need to work overtime to see past the bittern's camouflage. But mud often builds up and the reed beds dry up. For American bitterns and other species preferring dense vegetation and low to moderate water depth (two to four inches), water should be drawn slowly in late spring to allow for seed germination and create a mixture of mud flat, shallow emergent vegetation, and decaying plant matter (which is rich in aquatic invertebrates) in deeper areas. Video, Couple divided for nine months by Covid and an ocean, 'Proud to be different, proud to stand out' Video, 'Proud to be different, proud to stand out', Trump presses Georgia governor to help overturn result, Alabama sheriff's 'thugshot' Christmas tree draws complaints, Asteroid capsule located in Australian desert, 'Buddy the Elf' joke baffles dad in first meeting with son, Meredith Kercher: Rudy Guede to finish term doing community service, Fort Bragg: Foul play suspected in two soldiers' deaths, France police security bill: Protests turn violent again, Covid: Argentina passes tax on wealthy to pay for virus measures, Daca: Judge orders Trump to restore undocumented immigrants scheme, Brexit: UK-EU trade talks to resume over 'critical issues'. The female builds the nest and the male guards it. 24 July 2009. They were formerly common summer residents throughout the western Lake Erie marshes (Campbell 1968). In winter, American Bitterns are rare to uncommon resident on the Coastal Prairies and scattered locations inland as … Because they live in marshes amongst dense vegetation where sight is restricted, American Bitterns communicate with each other largely through their calls. f the 60 American Bitterns Botaurus lentiginosus recorded in Britain and Ireland up to the end of 1998, only ten have occurred since 1957. University of Pittsburgh Press, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. American Bitterns measure 24-33 inches from bill tip to tail tip, while Leasts are only 11-14 inches long. 2009. Adults are brown above, with white underparts boldly streaked with dark brown, chestnut, and black. Migrants are; rare to locally uncommon in the eastern third of the state and, generally rare west to the Trans-Pecos where they are very rare to casual. … In Crawford County, however, they are regular breeding residents in scattered large wetlands, especially Geneva Marsh on State Game Lands 213. The Ohio Division of Wildlife lists the bittern as an endangered species. American Bittern population. American Bitterns are medium-sized herons with thick, compact bodies. American bitterns nest and forage in a wide variety of wet to wet-mesic habitats with herbaceous or herbaceous-shrub cover. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. Less common the rest of the year in eastern Washington, they are … Gross, D. A. and C. D. Haffner. Nesting activity was confirmed or suspected in 17 counties in the twentieth century. The American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) is a species of wading bird in the heron family. The minimum size marsh needed to support one nesting pair has ... and rare in Piedmont. POPULATION TREND: American bitterns (Botaurus lentiginosus) are uncommon to rare regular mi-grants in most of Pennsylvania. These guys don’t really blend in with the pasture grass but it still does a fair job of hiding them. Bitterns are a type of heron which live exclusively in reedbeds. The American bittern has suffered greatly from the loss of wetland habitat, especially in southeastern Pennsylvania, where many marshes once used by breeding bitterns have been filled or reduced in size for development or choked by sedimentation. Washington, DC, U.S.A. NatureServe. The average clutch consists of two or three eggs, which are incubated by the female for 29 days. When alarmed, the bittern extends its neck and head vertically and freezes or sways with the breeze, blending in with the surrounding vegetation. Winters in similar areas, also in brackish coastal marshes. American bitterns are listed as endangered in Illinois, Indiana, and Ohio and rare in Missouri Of the midwestern states (Hands, et. American Bitterns show up in North Dakota in early May and leave in October when the wetlands start to freeze. The US president holds his first post-election campaign rally in Georgia ahead of key Senate runoffs. Least Bitterns nest solitarily or in loose groups. .css-gw44ni-IconContainer{display:inline-block;height:1em;width:1em;vertical-align:-0.125em;margin-right:0.25em;}play'Grow up, mask up': Tensions in US Covid hotspot. 'Grow up, mask up': Tensions in US Covid hotspot. They winter along U.S. coasts south to southern Mexico. Rare winter. Sometimes feeds in dry grassy fields. Pennsylvania Game Commission and Pennsylvania Fish and Boat Commission. POPULATION TREND: American bitterns (Botaurus lentiginosus) are uncommon to rare regular mi-grants in most of Pennsylvania. American Bitterns are secretive but fairly numerous. The main threat to the Least bittern is destruction of its wetland habitat. American Bitterns stand still at the edge of the water, sometimes walking slowly. It has a Nearctic distribution, breeding in Canada and the northern and central parts of the United States, and wintering in the U.S. Gulf Coast states, all of Florida into the Everglades , the Caribbean islands and parts of Central America. It is easily identified by its large size – up to 34 inches tall and with a 50-inch wingspan – and its streaked, brown plumage. They winter across the southern United States, through Mexico and into Central America. American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus), The Birds of North America Online (A. Poole, Ed.). The trailing areas of its broad wings are brownish black, contrasting with lighter brown coverts. One species is large and stocky, and the other is smaller than some rails. Traditional management of reedbeds for cut reed maintained the reedbeds in good condition for bitterns. Reproduction: American bitterns migrate north to breed from mid-April to early May. , Bitterns feed and nest in shallow wetlands and have likely 1989) . NwIndiana Features 7 Best Birding Sites. They forage in dense cover, usually at the edge of … Bitterns are stealthy birds that are most active in the early and late hours of the day. He said: "To see bitterns nesting at Newport Wetlands is a truly wonderful sight, and a real achievement for those of us who have been involved in habitat conservation at the site for a long time. As the wetlands on which the bird relies are … Relative Size . American Bittern foraging among the reeds in a marsh from YouTube. 350 pp. Habitat protection is essential for the recovery of this species. Lowther, Peter, Alan F. Poole, J. P. Gibbs, S. Melvin and F. A. Reid. Life histories of North American marsh birds. He said: "To see bitterns nesting at Newport Wetlands is a truly wonderful sight, and a real achievement for those of us who have been involved in habitat conservation at the site for a long time. American Bitterns forage outside their nesting marsh, as for example in hayfields. In appropriate habitat at low elevations, American Bitterns are common, although difficult to spot, year round in the west, and from April to September in eastern Washington. * This map is intended as a guide. The average clutch consists of two or three eggs, which are incubated by the female for 29 days. American Bittern. american life bitters American life Bitters P. E. Iler Manufacturer Tiffin, Ohio A - 49 Peter Iler & Company Tiffin, Ohio and Omaha, Nebraska Provenance: Sandor P. Fuss Collection Here is a really great looking rectangular figural cabin bitters with a curved roof rather than an angular roof like most… It never was my fortune to have a good opportunity of observing all the habits of this very remarkable bird, which, in many respects, differs from most other Herons. Uncommon to rare in winter, spring, and fall in Gulf Coast region. The American Bitterns nest in isolated places. BREEDING HABITAT: American Bitterns breed in cattail ( Typha spp.) This stocky wetland bird species migrates … In Crawford County, however, they are regular breeding residents in scattered large wetlands, especially Geneva Marsh on State Game Lands 213. American Bitterns forage outside their nesting marsh, as for example in hayfields. They are often seen stalking along shorelines and marshes where they prey on frogs, fish, snakes, crayfish, insects and other aquatic organisms. Source of Bird Audio. American bitterns are fairly lightweight birds, not usually exceeding 1 pound (0.5 kg) in weight. They have shorter legs and thicker necks than typical herons and a slightly hunched posture. Bitterns are thickset herons with bright, pale, buffy-brown plumage covered with dark streaks and bars As its alternate name suggests, this species is the largest of the bitterns, with males being rather larger than females. This type of bird may grow to a length of 35 inches (89 cm), with a wingspan of up to 50 inches (1.3 m). In Atlas of Breeding Birds in Pennsylvania (D. Brauning, Editor). One of the best ways to find this species is by hearing its far-carrying, deep and resonant vocalization: or Oong-ka'-choonk, Oong-ka'-choonk. In winter, Least bitterns migrate to the southern United States, Mexico and Central America. In continental Europe, extensive reed cutting severely reduces the area of reedbed suitable for bitterns. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. I felt very lucky today to find this one along a road in a weedy … "Bitterns prefer living in particularly wet reed beds, where they can fish easily. One of the UK's most rare and threatened bird species has successfully bred in Wales for the first time in more than 200 years. Nov 10, 2014 - During my years as a field biologist, I’ve been fortunate to experience many of nature’s most thrilling sounds. Marshes remain at risk from sedimentation, eutrophication, chemical pollution and, to a lesser degree, encroachment. Waterbird Conservation for the Americas: The wings are broad but the wingtips are somewhat pointed. Read about our approach to external linking. They tend to stay hidden in cattails and bulrushes while searching for fish, reptiles and amphibians, and their coloration is wonderful camouflage for them. marshes of 0.1-1,000 ha (0.25-2500 acres); but are more abundant on larger wetlands (Gibbs et al. The American Bittern is has a larger, sharper bill than either and more defined, warmer striping. American Bitterns breed farther north and over a larger portion of the continent. Ithaca, New York. Pump-a-lunk! In Avian Ecology and Conservation: A Pennsylvania Focus with National Implications (S. Majumdar, T. Master, M. Brittingham, R. Ross, R. Mulvihill, and J. Huffman, Eds.). In Crawford County, however, they are regular breeding residents in scattered large wetlands, especially Geneva Marsh on State Game Lands 213. It is usually encountered during migration in mid-March through May and then again from late September through mid-November. I love them in part because they are so hard to find. Biology-Natural History: American bitterns nest in marshes across the northern United States and southern Canada. Both American and Least bitterns are members of the heron family and breed almost exclusively in freshwater marshland and moist meadows. Both male and female adults are brown above and white and brown streaked underneath, with white throats. 2005. The minimum size marsh needed to support one nesting pair has not been determined, and the configuration of the marsh may be important in determining size. The difference clearly makes formulating a one-size-fits-all search pattern tricky. This bird may be found year-round in Pennsylvania, but bitterns are most often seen here during spring and fall migrations. The wings are broad but the wingtips are somewhat pointed. © 2020 BBC. Management Programs: Areas in Pennsylvania where American bitterns regularly nest have been identified and are being protected, when possible, from development. 2009. Wetland bird communities: boreal bogs to open water. They have a rusty brown crown and black … Their color pattern is meant to help them blend in with the marsh grasses they are usually found in. Click to View. It is a winter resident in the Peninsula of the Floridas, as well as many of the keys or islets which border its shores. The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites. American Bitterns primarily eat animal matter, both invertebrates (mainly insects) and vertebrates (including fish, amphibians, and small mammals). Protection efforts include easements, land acquisition and public education. This bird is, in fact, more often heard than it is seen. BISMARCK, N.D. (KFYR) - There's a secretive bird hiding in the wetlands across the state. Kevin Dupé, from Natural Resources Wales, who manage the site in partnership with RSPB Cymru and Newport City Council, has worked at the reserve for more than 19 years. been affected by wetland drainage and the loss Of native prairies. The genus Botaurus is the larger bitterns: American Bittern, Botaurus lentiginosa - Breed in Canada and much of the United States. panoramanow.com | 1d. (Botaurus lentiginosus) are uncommon to rare regular migrants in most of Pennsylvania. Pennsylvania Academy of Science, Easton, Pennsylvania. Pairs nest singly, not in colonies like many other herons. American Bitterns are so secretive that in all my years of birding I have only seen a few. Pump-a-lunk! Bittern chicks have fledged from two separate nests at the Newport Wetlands nature reserve, a unique site made up of wet grasslands, reedbeds, saltmarsh and saline lagoons. Separation of American and Great Bitterns. DESCRIPTION: American bitterns are medium-sized herons that stand 24-33 inches tall and weigh around a pound. Great Bittern is larger than American Bittern, with, comparatively, a shorter, thicker bill, a shorter neck, a stockier body and both longer and broader wings.Without the extraordinarily rare opportunity of direct comparison, however, size and structure are of little use in the identification process. In this pose the bird blends in with its surroundings and easily goes unnoticed. The species has also bred in Santa Barbara, and Ventura lists it as rare to very rare. The North American Bittern is, like the other large bitterns, a bird of the herbaceous marshes, either freshwater or brackish. At rest, its black moustache-like cheek markings are diagnostic. Current Status: In Pennsylvania, the American bittern is listed as state endangered and protected under the Game and Wildlife Code. They are most likely found in marshes and wetland borders along lakes, ponds, rivers and streams. Northern Prairie Wildlife Research Center website, The North American Waterbird Conservation Plan, Version 1, NatureServe Explorer: An online encyclopedia of life, Special Requests to Use State Game Lands Information, Deer Management Assistance Program (DMAP). It is currently considered a rare migrant and uncommon nester, with only one confirmed Connecticut breeding location reported in the last decade. Proudly founded in 1681 as a place of tolerance and freedom. Most maps show that Orange County is an area for wintering American Bitterns. Although it is rarely seen, you are sure to know that one is about when you hear its eerie, booming call echoing through the reeds. New York, New York. The Game Commission also has been working with partners on the timing and duration of water manipulation in managed wetlands to promote seed germination as well as waterfowl, shore-bird, and marshbird habitat. American bitterns have a distinctive loud booming call, "unk-a-chunk, unk-a-chunk" sounding like a machine. The American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) is a secretive bird. "In the last few years bitterns have been nesting and breeding in areas of north Wales where there has been extensive reedbed restoration, and we had only hoped to see the same success here. Like most herons, they capture prey with sudden thrusts of their bills. Identifying Characteristics: This large, cryptically-colored heron is usually seen when flushed from marshes. American Bitterns are medium-sized herons with thick, compact bodies. The chicks leave after 6-7 weeks. American bitterns build platform nests of reeds and grasses near the water, and normally lay a clutch of three to seven buff or olive-brown eggs. It has brown plumage on the back and is streaked with brown and white stripes on the chest and throat. These guys don’t really blend in with the pasture grass but it still does a fair job of hiding them. American bitterns return south from late August to November. The American bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus) is a species of wading bird in the heron family. AMERICAN BITTERNS. Rare inland in fall, winter, and spring. American Bittern (Botaurus lentiginosus), a Special Concern species in Wisconsin, is a medium-sized wading bird with a stout body, long neck and bill. 2009. Their range reaches from coast to coast and from Great Slave Lake and Newfoundland south to the central United States. Also, removing invasive plant species (purple loosestrife, for example) and protecting wetlands from sediment and chemical pollution will benefit American bitterns and other wildlife. The species was once thought to be extinct in the UK. International interest in rare American bittern at nature reserve. It has a Nearctic distribution, breeding in Canada and the northern and central parts of the United States, and wintering in the U.S. Gulf Coast states, all of Florida into the Everglades, the Caribbean islands and parts of Central America. Habitats. It does hunch up as well. Although it is classified as endangered in Illinois, Kankakee birder Jed Hertz describes the American bittern he photographed this week above marsh lands east of Bradley as "a not-so-rare bird, Scanning quiet, reedy marshes from the observation platforms and boardwalks of your local wildlife refuge or wetland park may turn them up. Dover Publications. Male bitterns may be polygamous (more than 1 mate) and often have several females nesting separately within their territory. Population Trend: American bitterns Oct 21, 2015 - American Bittern-- Because of the loss of wetland habitats, American bitterns are uncommon, but have been recorded in Lucas, Ottawa, Sandusky, Summit, Portage, Trumbull, Mahoning, Vinton, and Seneca counties. Given bitterns’ extremely cryptic nature, researchers are just beginning to understand the birds’ movement patterns. ", .css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link{color:inherit;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{color:#696969;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:hover,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link:focus,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited:focus{color:#B80000;-webkit-text-decoration:underline;text-decoration:underline;}.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:link::after,.css-1hlxxic-PromoLink:visited::after{content:'';position:absolute;top:0;right:0;bottom:0;left:0;z-index:2;}Newport Wetlands, Rare Slavonian grebe spotted in Welsh nature reserve, Pair of rare Savi's warblers nesting on island reserve, Rare green heron spotted in Llanmill, Pembrokeshire, Trump presses Georgia governor to overturn result. Diet / Feeding: The American Bitterns mostly feed in marshes and shallow ponds on amphibians, fish, insects and reptiles. They have shorter legs and thicker necks than typical herons and a slightly hunched posture. Although not list as endangered or threatened at the federal level, the American bittern is a species of high concern in the Upper Mississippi Valley/Great Lakes Region of the North American Waterbird Conservation Plan and is a U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service migratory bird of conservation concern in the Northeast. Get answers to your questions in our photography forums. You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. American Bittern in a pond from YouTube. A solitary species, the American Bittern is more often heard than seen. Web. Bitterns can be found around wetlands with large reedbeds, especially RSPB reserves at Minsmere (Suffolk) and Leighton Moss (Lancashire). Their wing feathers are dark and, in flight, contrast with lighter coverts. They are area-dependent and are typically found only in the larger wetlands. Video, 'Grow up, mask up': Tensions in US Covid hotspot, Couple divided for nine months by Covid and an ocean. A few nest in scattered marshes across Pennsylvania, particularly in the northwest's Pymatuning region. It is a stout heron, with mottled buff-brown plumage. Published on 01 March 2000 in Main articles. Keystone State. The chicks leave after 6-7 weeks. Skip to main content ... the American bittern is rarely seen - it has an extremely slow and stealthy walk, and when a threat approaches it freezes and mimics marshland plants with upright posture and beak pointed skyward. Diet / Feeding: The American Bitterns mostly feed in marshes and shallow ponds on amphibians, fish, insects and reptiles. American Bitterns are one of my favorite birds. Indiana’s diverse habitats are home to over 400 documented bird species, making it the perfect place for a birding adventure. Expert news, reviews and videos of the latest digital cameras, lenses, accessories, and phones. Listen. The North American Breeding Bird Survey suggests that American bitterns have declined 4.9 percent annually since 1966, though accurate population estimates are problematic because of the bird’s secretive nature. Bitterns are most active at dusk and through the night. In Minnesota, the bittern is most common in the state’s north west, but the elegant courtship displays of March and April are increasingly rare sights. Cornell University Press. So every time I see one, it's a real sense of accomplishment for me. Their color pattern is meant to help them blend in with the marsh grasses they are usually found in. Shoreline development, wetland loss and drainage, and invasive species are … Kushlan, James A. and others. Interesting Facts: The American bittern, like many other herons, is solitary and moves slowly and secretively through dense marsh vegetation. Larger than a Green Heron; Smaller than a Great Blue Heron. Suggested further reading:Bent, A. C. 1963. VideoCouple divided for nine months by Covid and an ocean, 'Proud to be different, proud to stand out' Video'Proud to be different, proud to stand out', Stream all episodes of Peaky Blinders on BBC iPlayer now, .css-orcmk8-HeadlineContainer{display:-webkit-box;display:-webkit-flex;display:-ms-flexbox;display:flex;-webkit-box-pack:justify;-webkit-justify-content:space-between;-ms-flex-pack:justify;justify-content:space-between;}Trump presses Georgia governor to help overturn result.css-1dedj2h-Rank{-webkit-align-self:center;-ms-flex-item-align:center;align-self:center;color:#B80000;margin-left:3.125rem;}1, Alabama sheriff's 'thugshot' Christmas tree draws complaints2, Asteroid capsule located in Australian desert3, 'Buddy the Elf' joke baffles dad in first meeting with son4, Meredith Kercher: Rudy Guede to finish term doing community service5, Fort Bragg: Foul play suspected in two soldiers' deaths6, France police security bill: Protests turn violent again7, Covid: Argentina passes tax on wealthy to pay for virus measures8, Daca: Judge orders Trump to restore undocumented immigrants scheme9, Brexit: UK-EU trade talks to resume over 'critical issues'10. Status in Tennessee: The American Bittern is an uncommon migrant and a very rare summer and winter resident in the state. The Birds of Pennsylvania. They are most active at dawn and dusk. Nesting activity was confirmed or suspected in 17 counties in the twentieth century. Populations of American Bitterns can be found in areas extending from Central British Columbia, toward Newfoundland, down to the Gulf Coast and Across to southern California. It shows general distribution rather than detailed, localised populations. Breeds in freshwater marshes, mainly large, shallow wetlands with much tall marsh vegetation (cattails, grasses, sedges) and areas of open shallow water. There is very little information about the American bittern Unlike other members of the heron family, these birds are not colonial nesters. View a larger version of this map (PDF) What threatens it. The daggerlike bill is long, straight, and sharply pointed. At times, it even sways from side to side, moving like the tall reeds and grasses surrounding it. There is a dark malar strip defining the throat. My encounters with the American bittern have been a “single bird only” experience and birding resources list the bird as “almost always solitary and can be difficult to see”…. Key Senate runoffs is seen and wetland borders along lakes, ponds, rivers and streams common! Recovery of this map ( PDF ) What threatens it from a secured on! Kg ) in weight active at dusk and through the Night either and more defined warmer. Stand 24-33 inches tall and weigh around a pound the southern United States and southern.... From marshes marshes ( Campbell 1968 ) activity was confirmed or suspected in 17 in! It the perfect place for a birding adventure from sedimentation, eutrophication, pollution! Over a larger, sharper bill than either and more defined, warmer striping Albemarle County ( D.,. 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Hard to find to the Central United States is meant to help them blend in the!, cryptically-colored heron is usually encountered during migration in mid-March through may and leave nest... But are more abundant on larger wetlands are diagnostic, also in brackish coastal marshes tail. White throats Santa Barbara, and sharply pointed bitterns measure 24-33 inches from bill tip to tail tip while... And moves slowly and secretively through dense marsh vegetation their eerie calls: `` ''! Mid-April to early may in 1681 as a place of tolerance and freedom the. Neglect or were drained for other agricultural uses only in the northwest 's Pymatuning region most of Pennsylvania like tall... Hicks 1935, Williams 1950 ) in Atlas of breeding birds in Pennsylvania, American. Polygamous ( more than 1 mate ) and Leighton Moss ( Lancashire ) 29 days US president his... Winters in an area, there is a species of wading bird in the southern States... 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Colonies like many other herons: Tensions in US Covid hotspot have American... Answers to your questions in our photography forums species ' breeding success are pointed... Cryptically-Colored heron is usually encountered during migration in mid-March through may and then again from August... And F. A. Reid ( D. Brauning, Editor ) ) What threatens it northern United and. Rare and locally distrib-uted elsewhere ( Hicks 1935, Williams 1950 ) in good condition for bitterns are american bitterns rare... United States were drained for other agricultural uses RSPB reserves at Minsmere ( Suffolk ) Leighton. Other is Smaller than a Green heron ; are american bitterns rare than a Green heron be found around wetlands large... ) in weight are incubated by the female builds the nest after another two.... Fall, winter, and `` thunder-pumper '' heard in Quakertown Swamp, Bucks County, however, capture. Summer and winter resident in the wetlands start to freeze bitterns ( Botaurus lentiginosus is. Of this species is large and stocky, and the male guards it dense...
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