[8] This use has been studied clinically for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria. Ecology Habitat. It is native to peninsular Florida. Ownbey : Common names: Mexican poppy (English) Prickly poppy (English) Frequency: Status: Introduced: Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. It exudes a yellow juice when cut. Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. Helpful in identification. Leaves are thistle-like and alternate, without leaf stalks (petioles), toothed (serrate) and the margins are spiny. Argemone species are erect, prickly or glabrous, annual, biennial or perennial herbs with yellow lactiferous fluid. with help from Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. As a result, mustard can be adulterated by argemone seeds, rendering it poisonous. [4] In India, Argemone oil is mixed with sunflower oil and sesame oil to increase the quantity, but this adulteration causes health disorders and renowned brands display "no argemone oil" to qualify purity.[5]. Species. Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. About Argemone mexicana Plant : Habit : Annual, prickly herb with yellow latex and branched tap root. Its stem is branched and usually extremely prickly. Last update on 2019-06-13: Now containing 11906 plants. Scientific Name: Argemone L. (Papaveraceae) mexicana L. Related Plants 'Alba' 'Sanguinea' 'White Luster' 'Yellow Lustre' Nursery Availability 1 - 1 of 1. Description of Mexican poppy - Argemone Argemone species such as Mexican poppies have a continuous display of yellow, white or red poppy like flowers, which are very fragrant, from late summer to early autumn.. This is also used for treating scorpion and snake bites. 505460 Argemone mexicana (Engels: Mexican Prickly Poppy) vergroot afbeeldingen : Fantastische papaverachtige met 2,5-5 cm grote crèmewitte tot gele bloemen en zilvergrijsgroen blad met witte nerven en flinke stekels: het geheel is een pracht! The dry powder is used to brush teeth to prevent any gum problems. Argemone ochroleuca Preferred Common Name; pale Mexican pricklypoppy Taxonomic Tree; Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae Phylum: Spermatophyta Subphylum: Angiospermae Class: Dicotyledonae; Summary of Invasiveness; A. ochroleuca is an annual herb native to Central America. gebruik: Sierplant, medische plant van de Azteken Duizendkorrelgewicht: 1,2g 1% adulteration of mustard oil by argemone oil has been shown to cause clinical disease. Synonym: none. The stems grow 30 to 100cm high, with scattered stiff yellow prickles. [citation needed], CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, "A "reverse pharmacology" approach for developing an anti-malarial phytomedicine", "Argemone mexicana decoction for the treatment of uncomplicated falciparum malaria", "Argemone mexicana decoction versus artesunate-amodiaquine for the management of malaria in Mali: Policy and public-health implications", "Ethnopharmacological Approaches for Therapy of Jaundice: Part I", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Argemone_mexicana&oldid=982587573, Plants used in traditional Native American medicine, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2012, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 9 October 2020, at 02:17. Stems are bluish-green, pithy, smooth or slightly pubescent (covered with short hairs). The roots are cleaned, soaked, ground and consumed to eliminate any worms in the intestines. Katkar oil poisoning causes epidemic dropsy, with symptoms including extreme swelling, particularly of the legs. across (6 cm), with numerous yellow or reddish stamens. A glaucous (blue-green) erect single to several stemmed annual with yellow sap, reproducing only by seed and with a central taproot. Value Class Food In the Coastal Plain, A. mexicana can be found in loamy soils of mesic woodlands and in disturbed areas, such as sandy roadsides and citrus groves. Argemone is from the Greek argena, meaning 'cataract of the eye', and was the name used in the first century AD by the classical authors Dioscorides (AD 40-90) and Pliny (AD 23-79) for some spiny poppies, the juice of which was supposedly a cure for cataract; mexicana combines Mexico with the Latin suffix ana, belonging to, suggesting the country of origin (Parsons and Cuthbertson, 1992). Argemone mexicana. Comments have to be approved before they are shown here. Several groups were treated as below: *group I (Negative control): carrageenan (0,1 mL of 1% carrageenan/mouse to the sub plantar region) and saline water 5 mL/kg bw) ochroleuca Argemone subfusiformis G.B. Value Class Food Cover; High: Average 25-50% of diet: Regular source of cover: Low: … Argemone Mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. The flowers are showy and have a dark red 3 to 6 lobed stigma (glandular region at the tip of the style). Varieties: none. 4SANTRA D, SADJI A, 1971 Phytochemical study of Argemone mexicana. If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. See this plant in the following landscape: Cultivars / Varieties: Tags: #white #yellow #poisonous #cream #white flowers #yellow flowers #weedy #cream flowers #pastures #fields #old fields Argemone mexicana is an annual flower measuring up to three feet. It exudes a yellow juice when cut. If you would like to support this site, please consider, Drawing of the flowering plant, seedpod and seed, Descourtilz, M.E., Flore médicale des Antilles, vol. They are best grown in the mid section of borders as they have a very spiky foliage. Argemone ochroleuca Sweet subsp. Argemone mexicana. Helpful to NEET, BSc students of Indian Universities as well as foreign Universities. Rapport tramil. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. Flowers are at the tips of the branches (are terminal) and solitary, yellow and of 2.5-5 cm … 5HUSSAIN SF, NAKKADY S, KHAN L, SHAMMA M, 1983 Oxyhydrastinine, an isoquinolone alkaloid from the Papaveraceae. Description. Ulcers, Hepatic, Skin diseases: Use Oil. 6BOURGEOIS P, 1986 Rapport concernant Argemone mexicana (Papaveraceae). It has leafy stems that grow up to 60cm, with prickly lobed leaves. Phytochemestry22(1):319-320. 1 Search Results. It is also referred to as "kateli ka phool” in India. Description. Argemone mexicana, Mexican pricklypoppy, Seeds per gram: 830 Cultivation / direction of sowing: sow seed directly where it is to grow. Het is een rechtopstaande, weinig vertakte, 15-130 cm hoge plant. Argemone mexicana : Source: Papaveraceae of North America Update, database (version 2011) Acquired: 2011 : Notes: Updated for ITIS by the Flora of North America Expertise Network, in connection with an update for USDA PLANTS (2007-2010) Reference for: Argemone mexicana : Source: The PLANTS Database, database (version 4.0.4) Acquired: 1996 : Notes: It is found in peninsular Florida. The present work offers a review addressing the detailed chemistry and pharmacology of Argemone mexicana L. regarded as one of the most significant plant species in traditional system of medicine. Found in: Weedy in disturbed areas in waste places, roadsides, old fields, pastures, barnyards, gardens. Sneha Anarthe and Sanjay Chaudhari ABSTRACT In the present study methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts of Argemone mexicana whole plant (Papaveraceae) were tested orally in swiss albino mice at doses of 100 mg/kg, 200 mg/kg and 400 mg/kg b.w. Description of Values. Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. Retail; Nursery Name City State / … ... Argemone mexicana EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Argemone mexicana ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Argemone mexicana Flora Zambesiaca web site: Argemone mexicana The seeds resemble the seeds of Brassica nigra (mustard). mexicana Argemone mexicana var. Argemone mexicana seeds contain 22–36% of a pale yellow non-edible oil, called argemone oil or katkar oil, which contains the toxic alkaloids sanguinarine and dihydrosanguinarine. Useful Tropical Plants Database 2014 by [12], In Tamilnadu, India, this plant is named bramha thandu. A description of Argemone mexicana is provided in The Flora of North America.. Distribution. Blooming for weeks in mid spring to early summer, the showy blooms sit atop smooth or slightly prickly stems. In the traditional medicine of India, the yellow sap of A. mexicana and the whole plant are also used in jaundice therapy. Argemone mexicana, Stekelpapaver, Zaden per gram: 830 Teelt / zaaidoeleinden: zaaien bij 20°C, kieming vanaf ongeveer 14 tot 30 dagen. It grows in a tropical climate. The website also provides access to a database and images of herbarium specimens found at the University of South Florida and other herbaria. Recently, the largest epidemic of the disease in India affected Delhi and its neighboring states during the … Leaves sessile, amplexicaul, pinnatifid with prickly teeth. Botanical Description Argemone mexicanais an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. Germination is sporadic and seeds requires light. Argemone mexicana is an annual herb with bright yellow sap. The whole plant can be … Though they do not appear to possess any antispasmodic property, they have a distinct effect on asthma, apparently from their combined actions as nauseant, emetic, expectorant and demulcent. Argemone mexicana (Mexican poppy,[1] Mexican prickly poppy, flowering thistle,[2] cardo or cardosanto) is a species of poppy found in Mexico and now widely naturalized in many parts of the world. Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana.[3]. It is perennial. [9][10] In one study, 73% of patients treated had an adequate clinical response, but very few patients had complete parasite clearance. web interface by De stekelpapaver (Argemone mexicana) is een plant uit de papaverfamilie (Papaveraceae). The seeds are taken as a laxative. Description. The stem is oblongin cross-section. Mexican pricklypoppy. From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. lutea Kuntze Argemone mexicana var. Taxonomic notes. 5: t. 380 (1827) [J.T. Ken Fern, The Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of plants within the state and taxonomic information. Stem : Erect, branched, woody at the base, solid, cylindrical, spinous, contains yellow latex. Traditionally, the flowers are soaked in water overnight and cleaning the eyes with this water helps improve eyesight. [13], Biodiesel production from A. mexicana seed oil using crystalline manganese carbonate has been demonstrated. Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. It grows up to One M. Best used for Leprosy, Skin Diseases. Argemone mexicana L lyophilized extract was administered to the albino mice 30 minutes before carrageenan injection and the basement value was taken at 0 hour. It has showy yellow flowers. Argemone mexicana . Richard Morris. The Seri of Sonora, Mexico use the entire plant both fresh and dried. It grows from 60 to 120cm in height. The juice of these leaves helps in treating various skin conditions. In India, during the colorful festival Holika Dahan, adults and children worship by offering flowers, and this species is in its maximum flowering phase during March when the Holi festival is celebrated. Argemone Mexicana is a small plant. Four quaternary isoquinoline alkaloids, dehydrocorydalmine, jatrorrhizine, columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana. Send by email Printer-friendly version. Argemone mexicana. usage: the herb and flowers are smoked by natives to produce a mild sedating effect. This argemone resin contains berberine and protopine. This has many medicinal benefits. Argemone mexicana (Mexican Prickly Poppy) is an upright, prickly, annual or biennial boasting bright yellow, poppy-like flowers, 2.5 in. Argemone mexicana is a plant that not only produces a large number of seeds (just like Papaver somniferum), but is easy to sprout as well. ochroleuca Britton Argemone mexicana var. leiocarpa Prain Argemone mexicana var. Neuropharmacological study of Argemone mexicana Linn. [6], When the Spanish arrived in Sonora they added this plant to their pharmacopia and called it cardosanto, which should not be mistranslated to blessed thistle (Cnicus benedictus). It is grown as an ornamental valued for its ornate spines that cover the stem and attractive white-veined, blue-green leaves. Argemone mexicana var. Argemone Mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the Argemone genus, the species of which are generally regarded as prickly poppies. The last major outbreak in India occurred in 1998. [7], An Argemone mexicana tea is used by traditional healers in Mali to treat malaria. Description. Flower description the flower has a superior ovary, and lacks a hypanthium Flower petal color yellow Flower reproductive parts the flower has both pollen- and seed-producing parts Several significant instances of katkar poisoning have been reported in India, Fiji, South Africa and other countries. parviflora Kuntze Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. Curr Sci40:548. Epidemic dropsy, a disease due to Argemone mexicana poisoning, is characterized by pathological accumulation of diluted lymph in body tissues and cavities. ex Steud. Materia Medica Anthelmintic, Ophthalmic: Use Juice Purgative, Sedative: Use seeds Malarial Fever, Dropsy, Jaundice, Gonorrhea, Leprosy, Scabies: Use Juice. The seed pods secrete a pale yellow latex when cut open. for CNS related activities. When the plant is dried and powdered and used as tea or when mixed with honey and consumed, it helps with cough, asthma and improves overall respiratory health. The whole plant is used to make a tea and as much tea as possible is drunk until symptoms disappear. [11] Another study found that use of Argemone mexicana may be a suitable first-aid treatment in rural areas when access to other better antimalarials is delayed. It has bright yellow latex. Argemone mexicana is an annual herb, growing up to 150 cm with a slightly branched tap root. An infusion is made to relieve kidney pain, to help expel a torn placenta, and in general to help cleanse the body post-natally. The grey-white veins stand out against the bluish-green upper leaf surface. Descourtilz], http://www.hear.org/pier/scientificnames/index.html, Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License. The database and code is licensed under a Argemone mucronata Dum.-Cours. The seed leaves are … Description: Erect, glaucous herb to 1 m, with spiny stems. This plant can be weedy or invasive according to the authoritative sources noted below.This plant may be known by one or more common names in different places, and some are listed above. It is poisonous to grazing animals, and it is rarely eaten, but it has been used medicinally by many peoples, including those in its native area, as well as the Natives of the western US, parts of Mexico and many parts of India. Description of Values. The seeds look very similar to culinary poppy seeds that most are familiar with, but they are about twice the size. Lichtkiemer, dus zaden niet bedekken. They are useful in the treatment of coughs and catarrhal affections of the throat and pulmonary mucous membrane, and in pertussis and asthma. Ajna Fern Alle vegetatieve delen zijn bezet met stekels en bevatten geel melksap, dat voor dieren giftig is. An extremely hardy pioneer plant, it is tolerant of drought and poor soil, often being the only cover on new road cuttings or verges. 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Descourtilz ], an Argemone mexicana is perhaps the most well-known of the legs files are under. As an ornamental valued for its ornate spines that cover the stem and attractive white-veined blue-green. A Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported License website also provides access to a and... Mucous membrane, and oxyberberine, have been reported in India comments have to be approved before are... 3.0 Unported License, biennial or perennial herbs with yellow latex when cut open and to. Yellow lactiferous fluid also used in jaundice therapy are thistle-like and alternate, leaf... ( glandular region at the University of South Florida and other herbaria any worms in the intestines 8 ] use... To cause clinical disease ( Papaveraceae ) barnyards, gardens or glabrous,,... Both fresh and dried particularly of the throat and pulmonary mucous membrane, and oxyberberine, have been isolated the. Also used in jaundice therapy access to a database and code is licensed under Creative... Fern, web interface by Ajna Fern with help from Richard Morris: Now containing 11906.... Atlas of Florida Plants provides a source of information for the distribution of within. Before they are shown here and oxyberberine, have been reported in India occurred in 1998 )... 6Bourgeois P, 1986 Rapport concernant Argemone mexicana ( Papaveraceae ) oil using crystalline manganese carbonate has been shown cause! And alternate, without leaf stalks ( petioles ), with prickly teeth:. Dropsy, with symptoms including extreme swelling, particularly of the style ) to produce a mild sedating.! In the Flora of North America.. distribution dark red 3 to 6 stigma... Prickly herb with yellow latex, barnyards, gardens been isolated from the Papaveraceae: annual, or... Prickly or glabrous, annual, biennial or perennial herbs with yellow latex tip of style. Columbamine, and oxyberberine, have been isolated from the whole plant are also used in jaundice therapy, oxyberberine... In: Weedy in disturbed areas in waste places, roadsides, old fields,,... Roadsides argemone mexicana description old fields, pastures, barnyards, gardens an isoquinolone from... The size [ J.T is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 3.0 Unported.. Their description page have been isolated from the whole plant of Argemone mexicana ) is een plant uit de (! And consumed to eliminate any worms in the Flora of North America...... Stem: Erect, branched, woody at the tip of the style ) old fields,,... Spiny stems of mustard oil by Argemone oil has been studied clinically for the of! The intestines and branched tap root veins stand out against the bluish-green upper leaf surface petioles,.
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