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Texas Tech University. Nagel describes the paradox of moral luck as follows: A person can be morally responsible only for what he does; but what he does results from a great deal that he does not do; therefore he is not morally responsible for what he is and is not responsible for. To access this article, please, Access everything in the JPASS collection, Download up to 10 article PDFs to save and keep, Download up to 120 article PDFs to save and keep. Gadamer, Hans-Georg, ‘The Proofs of Immortality in Plato's Phaedo’, in Dialogue and Dialectic: Eight Hermeneutical Studies in Plato, translated by Smith, P. Christopher (Yale University Press, 1980), 38.Google Scholar. But Cooper, in Reason and Human Good in Aristotle, Ch. Cf. Select the purchase 5 On the first two points see e.g. He is interested in ethics, political philosophy and the philosophy of law, and has written on Kant's moral theory and on the relation between virtues and moral rules. Some of the issues that arise here—not all of them, by any means—are purely verbal.) Morality, Moral Luck and Responsibility pp 114-134 | Cite as. Read your article online and download the PDF from your email or your account. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For a somewhat Socratic view of education, as activating latent dispositions, see Kant's, The Doctrine of Virtue, translated by Gregor, Mary J. Greene, Theodore M. and Hudson, Hoyt H. (New York: Harper & Row, 1960)Google Scholar, Bk One, Ch. Instead, it's a law that we, as rational beings, must impose on ourselves. (And see 38 for the point about ubiquity. 36 Kant's own discussion of original sin occurs in Religion, Bk One, §III. The moral luck paradox. 8 Groundwork, 62–64.Google Scholar See also Kant's, Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone (hereafter Religion), trans. "clr": false, Cambridge University Press is committed by its charter to disseminate knowledge as widely as possible across the globe. 5. 22 ‘On a Supposed Right to Lie From Altruistic Motives’, in Critique of Practical Reason and Other Writings in Moral Philosophy, Beck, Lewis White (ed. And contrast Nussbaum's exegesis in The Fragility of Goodness, Chs 11 and 12. Cf. VIII, vv. There is limited discussion of Kant in the debate on moral luck. CPuR, ‘Transcendental Dialectic’, Bk II, Ch. Later in Paul's letter, Ch. I am very grateful to Philip Turetzky not only for first suggesting to me how close Kant and Aristotle are but for many valuable conversations on these issues. See also on this issue Irwin, T. H., ‘Permanent Happiness: Aristotle and Solon’, in Oxford Studies in Ancient Philosophy 3 (1985)Google Scholar, and Kenny, Anthony, ‘Aristotle on Moral Luck’ in Human Agency: Language, Duty and Value, Dancy, Jonathan, Moravcsik, J. M. E. and Taylor, C. C. W. (eds) (Stanford University Press, 1988).Google Scholar One of the bones of contention is the extent to which our own ‘most fundamental’ goodness is at the mercy of education (which is certainly beyond our control). 51 Letter to the Romans, Ch. See especially Nussbaum's The Fragility of Good ness and the articles by Bernard Williams and Thomas Nagel, both entitled ‘Moral Luck’, originally published together but now recast and appearing respectively in Moral Luck (Cambridge University Press, 1981)Google Scholar and Mortal Questions (Cambridge University Press, 1979).Google Scholar See also Andre, Judith, ‘Nagel, Williams and Moral Luck’, in Analysis 43 (1983)CrossRefGoogle Scholar; Lewis, David, ‘The Punishment That Leaves Something to Chance’, in Philosophy & Public Affairs 18 (1989)Google Scholar; and Richards, Norvin, ‘Luck and Desert’, in Mind 95 (1986).Google Scholar I am grateful to Stephen Everson and Sabina Lovibond for helpful discussions on this, and to the former for directing me to a number of references. 2020. 24 See the passage from Kant's The Metaphysical Elements of Justice, translated by Ladd, J. Genesis, Ch. View all Google Scholar citations Query parameters: { in this connection Sidgwick, Henry, The Methods of Ethics (London: Macmillan, 1907)Google Scholar, Bk I, Ch. "languageSwitch": true If you want a copy, email me at 52 (1978)Google Scholar, in which Kantian and Aristotelian elements are brought together. The best-known example is provided in Nagel's essay. The clear upshot, however, is that Kant does not deny resultant moral luck. I believe Kant has a good base for what he believes, but I don’t think he has all the answers as far as the role luck plays in our decisions. NOTE: I will self-archive this paper after the embargo period ends on September 2021. Where does he diverge from each? Published online by Cambridge University Press:  They may also support … Kant denied the possibility of moral luck but Nagel created the idea of moral luck based on Kant’s opposition. Williams, , ELP, 195.Google Scholar, 50 Kant, comments on this passage in Religion, 24–25Google Scholar. Consider what was discussed previously regarding both utilitarian perspectives for moral action and Kant’s Categorical Imperative. Nagel, , ‘Moral Luck’, 29Google Scholar; and Andre, , ‘Nagel, Williams and Moral Luck’, 205.Google Scholar, 19 For these distinctions, and for discussion of them, see Nagel, , ‘Moral Luck’Google Scholar, and Williams, , ‘Moral Luck’.Google Scholar, 20 Cf. 5 is concerned with utilitarianism. Cambridge Journals publishes over 250 peer-reviewed academic journals across a wide range of subject areas, in print and online. 1). This item is part of JSTOR collection VIII, vv. Korsgaard, Christine M., ‘Aristotle and Kant on the Source of Value’, in Ethics 96 (1985–1986).Google Scholar. Andre, , ‘Nagel, Williams and Moral Luck’, 203Google Scholar, and Richards, , ‘Luck and Desert’.Google Scholar. 39 Cf. and trans.) 8.Google Scholar On the third point cf. 23 I can point already to Religion, 35, and CPuR, A551/B579, footnote. Kant believes that good will is the only thing that is inherently good, and therefore good will has intrinsic worth. The Kantian position is, however, adopted by Adams, , in ‘Involuntary Sins’. The Fragility of Goodness: Luck and Ethics in Greek Tragedy and Philosophy, Aristotle and Kant on the Source of Value, Religion Within the Limits of Reason Alone (hereafter Religion), The Punishment That Leaves Something to Chance, ‘On a Supposed Right to Lie From Altruistic Motives’, in, Critique of Practical Reason and Other Writings in Moral Philosophy, Morality and Freedom: Kant's Reciprocity Thesis. }, A Kantian View of Moral Luck - Volume 65 Issue 253 - A. W. Moore 14 At least in NE. his ‘Aristotle on the Goods of Fortune’, 196. Request Permissions. Moral luck occurs whenever praise or blame is apportioned to someone for an action or its consequences even when, on closer inspection, it is clear that the action or its consequences were largely outside their control. "comments": true, Immanuel Kant denies that there is moral luck. In this paper I will examine the impact of the problem of moral luck upon Kant’s moral and political philosophy, as well as upon some legal institutions, such as tort law and different punishments for successful and unsuccessful criminal attempts. 12 The whole question of the role of luck in morality has been the focus of much recent discussion. 98, Issue. As quoted above, Kant thought that luck should not be the basis of judgement. Paton, H. J. Much of this essay is meant as a response to Williams's critique. As he has not sufficiently determined his concept, he has sometimes spoken… in opposition to his own intention. also Kant, CPuR, A554–555/B582–583. Keywords Immanuel Kant moral luck moral responsibility good will moral character: Categories Control and Responsibility in Meta-Ethics. CPuR, A316–317/B373–374. 7–11 provide a fascinating critique of how the law of sin is able to get the upper hand in me; cf. 4 Cf. 1–7. CrossRef; Google Scholar; Hartman, Robert J. Kant’s view appears incorrect but it answers the problem about “moral responsibility to which we possess no … 30 I am indebted here to Williams, , ELP, 174ff.Google Scholar I hope that what I say in this essay does something towards answering the (semi-rhetorical) question that Williams poses in note 2 of that discussion (221). Get access to the full version of this content by using one of the access options below. (Did you actually promise to visit your friend whatever might crop up? 52 For further discussion of the tension between Kant's position and orthodox Christianity see Vossenkuhl, Wilhelm, ‘The Paradox in Kant's Rational Religion’, in Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 88 (1987–1988).Google Scholar. Kantian Ethics, or deontology, still makes up a large group of contemporary literature on ethics. also in this connection the Aristotelian thought that one can become a morally bad person by repeatedly doing what is morally bad and getting into a habit; hence the importance of education (see NE, Bk II, Ch.
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